Chemical Information from GCMS Analysis of Acetone Extract of Piper guineense Leaves. Part 1


  • Onyeije Ugomma Chibuzo Rhema University, 153-155 Aba Owerri Road P. M. B. 7021, Abia State, Nigeria
  • Imeh Okop Akwa Ibom State University Ikot Akpaden, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria


: Piper guineense leaves, Chemical constituents, phytochemicals, GCMS, phytochemical screening


Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 5(4): 437-445

Received 25 June 2020/Accepted 29 July 2020

Applications of plant leaves for various purposes is based on its chemical constituents which may include proximate, elemental, phytochemical, toxicant, amino acid and other toxicants. Knowledge of phytochemical constituents is significant for their pharmaceutical/medicinal values. This study was carried out to investigate the chemical constituents of acetone extract of Piper guineense leaves through phytochemical screening and GCMS analysis. Results obtained from phytochemical screening indicated the major constituents (those whose concentrations were greater than 1%) to include ,6-dimethyloxazolo(5,4-c)pyridazin-4-amine (31.80 %), 3-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexene (20.99 %), 4-methoxy-N-(4-nitrobenzyl)-benzamide (12.82 %), alpha bisabolene (7.33%), 1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4-methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-napthalene (4.42 %), 3,7-diacetamidophenoxathin (4.10 %), 1,3,3-trimethyl tricyclo{2,2,1]heptane (2.98%), 3H-indazol-3-one (2.11%), 1H-indene,octahydro-1,7a-dimethyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-1,4-methano-1H-indene (1.98%), piperidine (1.97%),2,4-disopropenyl-1-methyl-1-vinyl (1.70%), n-hexadecanoic acid (1.68%), eudesdma-4[14],11-diene (1.27%). The pharmaceutical values of the identified constituents were also analsed. The study reveals that acetone extract of Piper guneense contains constituents that are not visible with some other solvents


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Author Biographies

Onyeije Ugomma Chibuzo, Rhema University, 153-155 Aba Owerri Road P. M. B. 7021, Abia State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

Imeh Okop, Akwa Ibom State University Ikot Akpaden, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry


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