Quality Assessment of Borehole and Sachet Water Samples in Kaduna South Metropolis


  • Nathaniel Atamas Bahago Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, PMB 2339 Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Gideon Wyasu Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, PMB 2339 Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria


Water quality, Southern Kaduna, Sachet and Bore Hole


Communication in Physical Sciences 2019, 4(2):167-173

Authors: Nathaniel Atamas Bahago, Gideon Wyasu, and Vincent Chijioke Ugboaja

Received 29 November 2019/Accepted 24 December 2019

The physicochemical properties of six samples each of borehole and sachet water in Kaduna South were determined and contrasted with the WHO permissible limit. It was discovered that the concentration of heavy metals such as lead and cadmium was higher than WHO tolerable limit. Also, some samples had TSS, TDS. nitrates, conductivity, which ranged from: 0 – 8, 12.9 - 18.9, 1.5 - 4.2, 002 - 070 against the WHO range of 500 mg/l, 500 – 1500 mg/l, 25 mg/l and 1000 µs/cm respectively. None of the analyzed water met the microbial quality requirement for portable water. Therefore, there is a need for environmental re-assessment of licensed water producers, their industrial installation, and the health impact of their products


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Author Biographies

Nathaniel Atamas Bahago, Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, PMB 2339 Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemical Sciences

Gideon Wyasu, Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, PMB 2339 Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemical Sciences


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