Chemical Information from GCMS of Ethanol Extract of Solanum melongena (Aubergine) Leaf


  • Emeka Chima Ogoko National Open University of Nigeria Jabi, FCT, Abuja, Nigeria


Solanum melongena leaf ethanol extract, phytochemicals, biological activity, application


Communication in Physical Sciences, 2020 6(1): 658-668

Received 12 May 2020/Accepted 30 August 2020

Aubergine is often regarded as a local vegetable that is rarely consumed in Nigeria and other countries of the world. However, based on some nutritional data reported for this plant, the present study is aimed at investigating the phytochemical constituent of ethanol extract of this vegetable using GCMS. The results obtained indicated that ethanol extract of aubergine contains  1,1,3-trimethyl-cyclopentane (1.66%), alpha-undecane(2.21%),3,5-di-t-butylphenol(4.42%),6-methyl-1-heptanol (1.38%), dimethylmalononitrile (0.28%),  (5Z)-9-methyl-5-undecene (1.10%),metholene 2216 (11.60%), n-hexadecanoic acid (4.97%), ethyl stearate (2.21%), methyl linolelaidate (17.96%), methyl ester 9-octadecanoic acid (18.78%), 13Z)-13-octadecenal (8.29%), trans-3-oxabicyclo[4,4,0] decane -(6.63%), 5-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyra -zine (1.66%), oleamide (2.49%), E-9-tetradecenal (5.52%) and  2,6-dimethyl-1,5-heptadiene (8.84%).  Most of the detected phytochemicals have several biological activities such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antiepileptic and other activities. Some were found to have some industrial roles indicating that much can be derived from this vegetable than it is currently known.


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Author Biography

Emeka Chima Ogoko, National Open University of Nigeria Jabi, FCT, Abuja, Nigeria

Department of Pure and Applied Sciences


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