Comparative Study of Blends of Polyvinyl Chloride/Poly Methyl-methacrylate and Polystyrene/Poly Methyl-methacrylate using Density, Viscometry and FTIR Methods
Keywords:Comparative, blends, polyvinyl chloride, poly (methylmethacrylate), polystyrene, density, viscometry, FTIR.
Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 5(3): 299-314
Authors: S. Akpan, E. O. Akinwande, D. S. Daniel, L. Y. Zango, J. E. Akpan, A. A. Samuel
Received 22 April 2020/Accepted 27 May 2020
Polyvinyl chloride, poly (methacrylate) and Polystyrene are frequently use polymers but in considering the chemical and physical properties, some of them suffer from mechanical and other failures such as instability, rigidity, and non-biodegradability etc. This study is aimed investigating the compatibility of various blends of polyvinyl versus poly (methyl methacrylate) as well as blends from polystyrene and poly (methyl methacrylate) (in chloroform solvent) using density, viscometry and Fourier transformed infra-red spectroscopy methods. The results obtained indicated that PV/PMMA blends have good degree of compatibility while PS/PMMA blends did not show any observable compatibility.
Baraka, M. R., Salem, J. K., Salem, J. K. & El Khanzander (2003). Viscometric study of poly (methyl methacrylate) and polystyrene blends in
different solvents. Chinese Journal of Polymer Sciences 21, 1, pp. 15-19.
Chee, S., Sun, Z., Wang, W. & Feng, Z. (2002). Criterion of polymer-polymer miscibility determined by viscometry method. European Polymer, 28, 10, pp. 1259–1261.
Cunha, G. A. and Freire, S. C. (2007). Highly hydrophoic biopolymers prepared by the surface pentafluorobenzoylation of Cellulose substrate. Journal of Bio-macromolecules,.8, pp. 4-8
Ghaffar, A. M. A., Ali, H. E. Mazaiad, N. A. (2005). Modification of low density polyethylene films by blending with natural polymers and curing by gamma radiation. Polymer Science Series B: Polymer Chemistry, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1560090420010017
Al-Rawajfeh, E, Hasan A., Al-Salah, Ismael Al-Rhael (2005). Morphology of polymer blends of polyamide -6/poly (β-hydroxybutyrate) Jordan Journal of Chemistry Vol.1 No. 2, pp. 155-170.
Hirotsu T., Ketelaars A. A., and Nakayama, K. (2000). Biodegradation of poly (e- caprolactone), polycarbonate blend sheets Polymer, degradation and stability. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 16(2) 68, 311 – 316.
Khan, M. S., Qazi, R. A. & Wahid, M. S. (2008). Miscibility studies of PVC/PMMA & PS/PMMA blends by dilute solution viscometry and FTIR. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 2, 4, pp. 41-45.
Li, M., Mondrinos, M. J., Chen, X. & Lelkes, P. I. (2005). Electrospun blends of natural and synthetic polymers as scaffolds for tissue engineering. Conference Proceeding IEEE Engineering Medical and Biological Society, 005;2005:5858‐5861. doi:10.1109/IEMBS.2005.1615822
Mamza, P. A. & Folaranmi, F. M. (1996). Compatibility Studies on Solutions of Polystyrene and Polyvinyl Acetate Blend by Density and Viscometric Methods, European Polymer Journal. 3, 7, pp 909 – 912.
Mohammad S. K. & Raina, A. Q. (2008). Miscibility studies of PVC/PMMA and PS/PMMA blends by dilute solution viscometry and FTIR., African Journal and Applied chemistry vo.2, 4, pp.041-048.
Oh, B. & Kim, Y. R. (1999). Evaluation and characteristics of a blend polymer for a solid polymer electrolyte, 5th Solid state Ionics. Applied Polymer Science, 124, 1-2, pp. 83-89
Robeson, S. & Portofrei, E. (2007). Miscible versus Immiscible polymer blends by viscometric methods. European Polymer Journal, 41, 3, pp. 563-568.
Saikia, D. & Kumar, A (2005). Ionic transport in P(VDF-HFP)–PMMA–LiCF3SO3– (PC + DEC)–SiO2 composite gel polymer electrolyte. European Polymer Journal, 41, 3, pp. 563-568.
Subban, R. N. & Ar, S. B. (2004). Chemical composition of the essential oil from basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn) and its in vitro cytotoxicity against Hela and HEp-2 human cancer cell line and NIH. Science
Vinod, T. P. & Sashidhar, R. B. (2010). Biosorption of nickel and total chromium from aqueous solution of gum kondagogu, a carbohydrate biopolymer. Journal of Hazardous Material, 178, pp 60-65.
Visakh P.M., Mathew A.P., Thomas S. (2013) Natural polymers: their blends, composites and nanocomposites: state of art, new challenges and opportunities. In: Thomas S., Visakh P., Mathew A. (eds) Advances in Natural Polymers. Advanced Structured Materials, 18, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Copyright (c) 2010 The Journal and the author
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.