The Effect of Glass–Kevlar 49 Fibre Loading on the Mechanical, Thermal and Physical Properties of Polypropylene Hybrid Composites


  • E. Danladi Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria


Composites hybrid, polypropylene, Kevlar 49, glass, mechanical, thermal and physical properties


Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 5(2): 99-105

Author: E. Danladi, P.A.P. Mama, S.A. aro, M.T. Isa, E. R. Sadiku and S.S. Ray

Received 04 April 2020/Accepted 20 April 2020

In order to improve properties of polypropylene, , hybrid composites of GlassKevlar reinforced polypropylene were fabricated by using the compression molding technique. Mechanical, thermal and physical properties of the hybrid composites were investigated. The percentage fibre loadings were 06/07, 12/07 and 11/13 (i.e., GF/KF). The effect of stacking sequence on the properties was also investigated and reported. The fibre loading increase the toughness of the hybrid composites with GF/KF (11/13) having the highest. The observed high damping was attributed to alteration in molecular motion in the hybrid composites. Hybridization did not significantly affect the density of the produced composites. The increase in water absorption capacities of the hybrid composites with increasing Kevlar fibre contents was attributed to the presence of hydrogen bonds in the Kevlar fibre.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

E. Danladi , Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry


Afshari, M., Chen, P. Kotek, R. (2012). Relationship Between Tensile Properties and Ballistic Performance of Poly (ethylene naphthalate) Woven and Nonwoven Fabrics. oral o li olmr cic 1. pp.2271 - 22280

Banadaru, A. K., Vetiyatil, L. Ahmad, S. (2015). ffect of hybridization on the ballistic impact behaviour of hybrid composite armors. omoiar.76. Pp.300 319 Bandaru, A.K. Ahmad, S. (2017).

Ballistic behaviour of thermoplastic Kevlar composites: Parametric studies. rociagirig173, pp.355 362.

Bandaru, A. K., Ahmad, S. Bhatnagar, N. (2017). Ballistic performance of hybrid thermoplastic composite armors reinforced with Kevlar and basalt fabrics. omoiar.pp.151 165 Carrillo, J. G., Gamboa, R. A., Flores Johnson, . A. Gonzalez Chi, P.I. (2012).

Ballistic performance of thermoplastic composite laminates made from aramid woven fabric and polypropylene matrix. olmr ig 1 pp.512 519.

Chandra, R., Singh, S. P. Gupta, K. (1999). Damping studies in fibre reinforced composites a review. omoircrpp.41 -51

Ebrahiimnezhad-Khaiiri, H., slami-Farsani, R. and Akbarzadeh, . (2019). Effect of interlayer hydridizatio of carbon, Kevlar and glass fibers with oxidized polyacrylonitratrile fibers on the mechanical behaviour of hybrid composites. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part C: oral o chaical girig cic,

Felipe, R.C.T. D., Felipe, R. N. B., Batista, A. C. D. C. Aquino, . M. F. (2017). Polymer composites reinforced with hybrid fibre fabrics. arialrarchp.555 - 567.

Gonzlez, . V., Maim P., Camanho, P. P., Lopes, C. S. Blanco, N. (2011). ffects of ply clustering in laminated composite plates under low-velocity impact loading,” omoi cic a cholog, 71, 6, pp. 805817, 2011. Kanitkar, . M., Kulkaeni, A. P. Wangikar, K. S. (2016). Investigation of flexural properties of glass-Kevlar hybrid composite. roa oralogirigarchacic, 1, 1, pp. 25-29

Naik, N.K., Shrirao, P. Reddy, B.C.K. (2006). Ballistic impact behaviour of woven fabric composites: Formulation. raioaloral oimacgirig.pp.1521 -1552

Pandya, K. S., Pothnis, J. R., Ravikumar, G., Naik, N.K. (2013). Ballistic impact behaviour of hybrid composites. arial a ig . pp.128 135. Pappu, A., Pickering, K. L. Thalur, V. K. (2019). Manufacturing and characterization of sustainable hybrid composites using sisal and hemp fibres as reinforcement of poly (lactic acid) via inection moulding. rial ro a roc, 137, 1, pp. 260-269.

Safri, S. N. A., Sultan, M. T. H., Jawaid, M. Jayakrishna, K. (2018). Impact behaviuor of hybrid composites for structural applications: A review. omoiar.pp.133. 112 -121

Singh, T. J. Samantha, S. (2015). Characterization of Kevlar fibre and its composites; A review. Materials Today: rocig . pp.1381 1387. Tandbaran, ., Zahari, R., Jalil, N. A. A. Abang, D. L. (2014). Hybrid composites laminates reinforced with Kevlar/carbon/glass woven fabrics for ballistic impact testing. arch aricl,

Terinte, N., Ibbett, R. Schuster, K.C. (2011). Overview of native cellulose and micro crystalline cellulose I structure studied by ray diffraction (WAD): comparison between measurement techniques.igrbrich pp.118 131.