Assessment of the Groundwater Quality of Damboa Area in the Bornu Depression of Northeast Nigeria


  • Chukwunenyoke Amos-Uhegbu Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Mmaduabuchi Uche Uzoegbu Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Chukwudike Dandy Akoma Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
  • Paul Igienekpeme Aigba Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike P. M. B 7267, Umuahia, Abia-State, Nigeria


Water resources, rural area, potability, analytical parameters, Physicochemical


Communication in Physical Sciences, 2023, 10(3):156-170

Authors: Chukwunenyoke Amos-Uhegbu*, Mmaduabuchi Uche Uzoegbu, Chukwudike Dandy Akoma1 and Paul Igienekpeme Aigba

Received:16July  2023/Accepted  24 December 2023

Groundwater resources are essential for the sustenance of domestic, agricultural, industrial and other activities within the ecosystem. However, the usefulness of this resources depends on its quality. This study was conducted to asses the quality of groundwater in Bornu Depression. The study area, Damboa is located in the Bornu area of Northeast Nigeria. It is located within latitudes 10°52´24″N to 11°29´43″N and longitudes12°30´00″E to 13°09´28″E in an area of about 642.132 km2. The elevation is on the average of about 452m above sea level, and is generally undulating lowland. Twelve (12) parameters (pH, electrical conductivity, total hardness, alkalinity, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, nitrate and fluorides) were used in the assessing water quality. SAR values showed a range of 1.0to13.0meq/L. The maximum concentration of SAR13.0meq /L was recorded at Kumsi location and minimum concentration of 1.0meq /L was recorded at Ambiya location. The calculated values of SAR integrated with the Electrical Conductivity indicated that the groundwater in the study area can be utilized for irrigation purpose without any threat of imposition of any hazard (saline or alkaline hazard) to crop soils. Thus, the analytical data from the study area confirms that groundwater the studied site maybe suitable for domestic and irrigational purposes excluding a few locations.


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Author Biographies

Chukwunenyoke Amos-Uhegbu, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Department of Geology

Mmaduabuchi Uche Uzoegbu, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Department of Geology

Chukwudike Dandy Akoma, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike

Department of Geology

Paul Igienekpeme Aigba, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike P. M. B 7267, Umuahia, Abia-State, Nigeria

Department of Physics


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