A Multi-Source Analysis of Water Supply Challenges in Offa Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria


  • Abiodun Rasheed Omokanye Federal University, Otuoke, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State
  • Benefit Onu Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria


Water, security, challenges, Offa LGA, multi-source analysis, sustainable management


Communication in Physical Sciences, 2024, 11(2): 221-232

Authors: Abiodun Rasheed Omokanye, Benefit Onu

Received: 23 August 2023/Accepted: 17 April 2024

In many developing countries, ensuring safe and reliable water access remains a critical challenge. This study focuses on Offa Local Government Area (LGA) in Kwara State, Nigeria, investigating water sources and supply conditions. The research employed a combination of questionnaires, interviews, and water level measurements to assess resident experiences and identify water availability issues. Over a nine-month period from July 2022 to April 2023, daily readings of water depth were taken twice for 150 accessible wells in the study area. Additionally, measurements of total well depth and well diameters were recorded once. These data formed the basis for computing other well characteristics, including depth of water and volume of well water. Subsequently, data on groundwater use and associated problems were collected using random sampling theory and questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, sampling techniques, binomial probability theory, and regression analysis were applied to analyze the data. The results indicate abundant groundwater in the study area, tapped to meet people’s water requirements. However, water shortages, particularly during the dry season, stem from the shallow nature of the wells. To address these challenges, repairing non-functional boreholes and increasing well sinking efforts during the dry period would ensure adequate water supply, prevent contamination, and minimize disruptions associated with water facilities


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Author Biographies

Abiodun Rasheed Omokanye, Federal University, Otuoke, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State

Department of  Environmental Management and  Toxicology

Benefit Onu, Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Department of Biology


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