Dynamic Mechanical Properties and Surface Morphology of Glass/Jute/Kevlar Fibres reinforced Hybrid Composite


  • Elijah Danladi Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria
  • Paul. A.P. Mamza Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • S.A. Yaro Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • M.T. Isa Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • E. R. Sadiku Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa


DMA, SEM, Jute fibre, Glass fibre, Kevlar fibre


Communication in Physical Sciences, 2021, 7(4): 438-443

Authors: Elijah  Danladi*, Paul.A.P. Mamza, S.A. Yaro, M.T. Isa, E. R. Sadiku and S.S. Ray

Received: 18 November 2021/Accepted 08 December 2021

The strength and application of polymers can significantly be affected by their mechanical properties, which indicates that measures aimed at altering their mechanical properties will also affect their strength and possible applications The purpose of this study is to investigate the dynamic mechanical properties of the glass/jute /Kevlar hybrid fibres reinforced polypropylene using dynamic mechanical analysis, (DMA) to establish the interfacial bond in relation to storage modulus, loss modulus and damping factor. The samples were prepared using Carver Press at a temperature of 190 oC and a pressure of 500 psi using 1 mm thin films of polypropylene. The results obtained showed that the hybrid composites have a poor interfacial bond which led to molecular motion as the temperature was increasing. The loss modulus was also high, likewise the damping factor. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) micrograms also supported these findings by showing the delamination on impacted samples. These make the hybrid composite a good material for rigid body armor application


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Elijah Danladi, Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria

aDepartment of Chemistry

Paul. A.P. Mamza, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

S.A. Yaro, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

M.T. Isa, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemical Engineering

E. R. Sadiku, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa

5Institute of NanoEngineering Research (INER), Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering


Ajith, G., Senthil, K. M & Elayaperumal, A. (2014). Experimental investigation on the mechanical properties of jute fibre reinforced composites with polyester and epoxy matrices. Procedia Engineering, 97, pp. 2052- 2063

Bandaru, A. K., Chavan, V. V., Ahmad, S., Alagirusany, R. & Bhatnagar, N. (2016). Ballistic impact response of Kevlar reinforced thermoplastic composite armors. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 88, pp. 1- 13.

Carillo, J. G., Gamboa, R. A., Flores- Johnson, E. A. & Gonzalez- Chi, P. I. (2012). Ballistic performance of thermoplastic composite laminates made from aramid woven fabric and polypropylene matrix. Polymer Testing. 31, 4, pp. 512- 519.

DOI :10.1016/j.polymertesting.2012.02.010

Danladi, E., Mamza, P.A.P., Yaro, S.A., Isa, M.T., Sadiku, E.R. & Ray, S.S. (2020a). The effect of Glass – Kevlar 49 fibre loading on the mechanical, thermal and physical properties of polypropylene hybrid Composites. Communications in Physical Sciences, 5, 2, pp. -99 – 105

Danladi, E., Mamza, P. A. P., Yaro, S. A., Isa, M. T., Sadiku, E. R. & Ray, S. S. (2020b). Reinforcing effect of Kevlar 49 fibres on the mechanical properties of Polypropylene. Nigerian Journal of Polymer Science and Technology, 15, pp. 12- 28.

Isa, M. T., Ahmed, A. S., Aderemi, B. O., Taib, R. M. & Mohammed, I. A. (2013). Effect of fibre type and combinations on the mechanical, physical and thermal properties of polyester hybrid composites. Composites: Part B, 52, pp. 217- 223

Jesuarockiam, N., Jawaid, M., Zainudin., E. S., Sultan, M. T. H., & Yahaya, R. (2019). Enhanced thermal and dynamic mechanical properties of synthetic/natural hybrid composites with graphene nanoplatelets. Polymers, 11, 1085; doi:10.3390/polym11071085

Law, C. and Hussein, M.A. (2019). Modeling of metallocene catalyzed propylene polymerization in a fluidized reactor. MATEC Web conference 268, 02002

Patcharaphun, S. & Opaskornkul, G. (2008). Characterization of fibre length distribution in short and long glass fibre reinforced polypropylene during injection molding process. Kaetsart Journal of Natural Sciences, 42, pp. 392- 397.

Potluri, R., Dheeraj., R. S. & Vital, G. V. N. G. (2018). Effect of stacking sequence on the mechanical & thermal properties of hybrid laminates. Materials Today:Proceedings, 5, pp. 5876-5886.

Safri, S. N. A., Sultan, M. T., Jawid, M. & Jayakrishna, K. (2018). Impact behaviour of hybrid composites for structural applications: A review. Composites: Part B,133, pp.112- 121.

Sorrentino, L., Bellini, C., Carrado, A, Polini, W. & Aricò, R. (2015). Ballistic performance evaluation of composite laminates in Kevlar 29. Procedia Engineering, 88, pp. 255- 262.

Valença, S. L., Griza, S. de Oliveira, V. G., Sussuchi, E. M. & de Cunha, F. G. C. (2015). Evaluation of the mechanical behaviour of epoxy composite reinforced with Kevlar plain fabric and glass/Kevlar hybrid fabric. Composites: Part B, 70, pp. 1- 8.

Yahaya, R. Sapuan, S.M., Jawid, M., Leman, Z. & Zainudin, E.S. (2015). Effect of layering sequence and chemical treatment on the mechanical properties of woven kenaf – aramid hybrid laminated composites. Materials and Design, 67, pp. 173- 179.

Zhang, H., Zhang, X. & Yoon, K. (2017). Preparation of isotactic polypropylene/exfoliated MoS2 nano composites via In Situ interactive polymerization. Polymers, 9, Doi: 10.3390/polym9100.490.