The Design and Development of Environmentally Friendly Biogas Using an Anaerobic Digestion System
Keywords:Green energy, biogas, biogas- digester, waste, Catalyst
Communication in Physical Sciences, 2022, 8(4):465-470
Authors: Kabiru Alhaji Bala, Ogunlana Yusuf Olayinka and Maryam Aliyu
Received: 01 May 2022/Accepted 28 September 2022
Abstract: Environmentally friendly biogas can be synthesized using an anaerobic digestion system that is based on the purification of the biogas with some reagents (iron flakes, silica gel, and yeast catalyst). The project design considers four phases namely, the digestion(fermentation) phase, the purification phase, the conservation and the test phase. In the fermentation phase, the decomposition and reaction of micro-organisms take place whereas in the purification stage. consists of three sub-steps, involving a container rich with silica gel, iron chips, and water for the removal of moisture, CO2 and H2S respectively, The conservation stage (the third phase) has an air chamber (tyre tube) for gas storage while the last [hase is the test phase which consists of a
Bunsen burner to test the gas stored in the tube.
Ahamed, J., Raiyan, M., Hossain, M., Rahman, M., & Salam, B. (2016). Production of biogas from anaerobic digestion of poultry
droppings and domestic waste using catalytic effect of silica gel. International Journal of Automotive & Mechanical
Engineering, 13, 2, pp. 3503-3517.
Awe, O. W., Zhao, Y., Nzihou, A., Minh, D. P.,& Lyczko, N. (2017). A review of biogas utilisation, purification and upgrading technologies. Waste and BiomassValorization, 8, 2, pp. 267-283.
Balesa, B. A., Lawal, A., Dalhatu, S. A., Idris, B., & Bello, M. (2021). First Principles Calculations of Structural, Electronic and Optical Properties of Nitrogen-Doped Titanium Dioxide for Solar Cells Application. Communication in Physical Sciences, 7, 4 pp. 278-288. .
Ellacuriaga, M., García-Cascallana, J., & Gómez, X. (2021). Biogas Production from Organic Wastes: Integrating Concepts of
Circular Economy. Fuels, 2, 2, pp. 144-167.
Fagbenle, E., & Olukanni, D. (2022). Production and purification of biogas from cassava peel using cow dung as inoculum.
Paper presented at the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 993, pp. 1-11 .
Kumar, N., & Gupta, H. (2021). Methane: Risk assessment, environmental, and health hazard. In Hazardous Gases pp. 225-238.
Lawal, A., Shaari, A., Taura, L., Radzwan, A., Idris, M., & Madugu, M. (2021).
G0W0plus BSE calculations of quasiparticle band structure and optical properties of nitrogen- doped antimony trisulfide for near infrared
optoelectronic and solar cells application. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 124,105592,https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.202
Li, Y. (2022). Conversion of wastewater to bioenergy and biochemicals via anaerobic digestion. In Biomass, Biofuels,
Biochemicals pp. 91-114).
Mishra, A., Kumar, M., Bolan, N. S., Kapley,A., Kumar, R., & Singh, L. (2021). Multidimensional approaches of biogas
production and up-gradation: Opportunities and challenges. Bioresource Technology,338, 125514,
Nkuna, R., Roopnarain, A., Rashama, C., & Adeleke, R. (2021). Insights into organic loading rates of anaerobic digestion for
biogas production: a review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, pp. 1-21.
Sokan-Adeaga, A. A., & Ana, G. R. (2015). A comprehensive review of biomass resources and biofuel production in Nigeria: potential and prospects. Reviews on Environmental Health, 30, 3, pp. 143-162.
Tamošiūnas, A., Khiari, B., & Jeguirim, M. (2022). Biofuels production: Biogas, biodiesel and bioethanol from tomato
wastes. In Tomato Processing by-Productspp. 333-370
Vladei, N., Covaci, E., DRUŢĂ, R., DUCA, G., SUBOTIN, I., STEGARESCU, A., GUŢOIU, S. (2021). Biogas–a sustainable energy solution from agro-industrial wastes.
Zamri, M., Hasmady, S., Akhiar, A., Ideris, F., Shamsuddin, A., Mofijur, M., Mahlia, T. (2021). A comprehensive review on anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 137, 110637.
Zhen, G., Lu, X., Kato, H., Zhao, Y., & Li, Y.- Y. (2017). Overview of pretreatment strategies for enhancing sewage sludge
disintegration and subsequent anaerobic digestion: Current advances, full-scale application and future perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable EnergyReviews, 69, pp. 559-577.
Copyright (c) 2020 The Journal and the author
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.