Green Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles using Prosopis Africana Leaf Extract
Keywords:Green synthesis, iron oxide, nanoparticles, microporous, plant extract, amorphous
Communication in Physical Sciences, 2023, 9(2):125-136
Authors: Patricia Adamma Ekwumemgbo*, Gideon Adamu Shallangwa, Idongesit Edem Okon and Ibe Awodi
Received: 19 February 2023/Accepted 22 June 2023
Green synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles has several advantages that include environmental friendliness. Arising on the usefulness of iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs) in several research and industrial quarters, we are reporting our current research outputs on the green synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) from Prosopis Africana leaf extract. The synthesized Fe3O4-NPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET)/Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) analysis. The FTIR spectroscopy confirms the presence of phytochemicals in the extract for the reduction of metal ions to nanoparticles. SEM micrograph shows that the synthesized nanoparticles are spherical with sizes ranging from 30 nm – 100 nm. BET/ BJH analysis shows that the synthesized nanoparticles are microporous with a specific surface area (46.6 m2/g), pore volume (0.022 cm3/g) and pore size (1.79 nm). The XRD pattern revealed the amorphous nature of the synthesized nanoparticles and the UV-vis spectrum showed a characteristic peak at 400 nm for Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
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