Frequency Distribution and Antibiotics Sensitivity of E. coli from Local Muturu Raw Cow Milk
Keywords:Antibiotic sensitivity, frequency, muturu milk
Communication in Physical Sciences, 2023, 10(1): 31-39
Authors: Imaobong T. Adenugba, Eteyen A. Uko and A. D. Ekpo
Received: 24 March 2023/Accepted:12 September 2023
Milk is widely consumed by almost all households in Nigeria and cases of manifestation of health–related problems arising from the consumption of milk are not uncommon to this study. In this study, frequency distribution and antibiotic sensitivity of Escherichia coli from raw muturu cow milk were studied and the results showed the mean standard deviation of E. coli count was highest in MC 3 with 3.63 ± 0.77 (P<0.05). This shows that there was no significant difference (P<0.05) in the total E. coli count among the muturu cows. The frequency occurrence of E. coli was highest (23.3%) in MC 1 and MC 6 followed by MC4 (16.6%) while the least occurrence was seen in MC5(6.6%). The antibiotic susceptibility profile studied shows that ciprofloxacin had the highest sensitivity pattern of (93.3%) followed by Augmentin (83.3%) while gentamycin and tarivid had (80.0%) respectively. The isolate showed resistance to streptomycin, septum and ampicillin at (43.3%), (33.3%) and (30.0%) respectively. The study reveals the high presence of E. coli in muturu cow milk with little resistance to some antibiotics which should not be overlooked while cow herders and milk collectors should pay close attention to personal and environmental hygiene during the processing of raw cow milk.
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