Confinement Effects and Emission Spectra of〖α-Ga〗_x 〖In〗_(1-x) N Quantum Dots Nanostructure
Keywords:Quantum dot nanostructure, quantum Confinements, nitride, anisotropic band structure
Communication in Physical Sciences, 2020, 7(3): 164-173
Authors: Onyekwere O. Ikedichukwu and Oriaku I. Chijioke*
Received: 12 August 2021/Accepted 09 September 2021
Quantum confinements in spherical semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been theoretically studied using the Particle in a box Model based on the effective mass approximation and quantum confinement effects. The valence band degeneracy in Г point of the Brillouin zone and the effective mass anisotropy are also taken into account. The emission intensity spectrum was also investigated to understand the effect of alloy composition(x) on the spectrum. The results show that the ground state confinement energy is largely dependent on the radius of the dot and alloy composition(x). Thus, as the dot radius decreases, the confinement energy increases. Hence, confinement energies could be tuned by changing the radius of QDs and the GaNcompositions, which play a fundamental role in the optical and electronic properties of QDs of all the transitions in the degenerate bands. Also, the theoretically calculated emission intensity spectrum shifted towards higher energy regions (lower wavelengths) by mere increasing the alloy compositions (x) of the semiconductor quantum Dot active region
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