Effect of Na-22, Cl-36, 3-H, and P-32 Exposure on Laboratory Clinical Researchers


  • Bertha Onyenachi Akagbue Marshall University Huntington West Virginia USA.
  • Mu’awiya Baba Aminu Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.


Na-22, Cl-36, 3-H, P-32, occupational exposure, health workers, radioactive isotopes, radiological properties, protective measures


Communication in Physical Sciences, 2023, 9(4): 438-446

Authors: Bertha Onyenachi Akagbue and  Mu’awiya Baba Aminu                       

Received: 20 April 2023/Accepted 16 August 2023This research paper examines the potential health effects of occupational exposure to Na-22, Cl-36, 3-H, and P-32 isotopes on laboratory clinical researchers. The study aims to assess the risks associated with these radioactive isotopes commonly encountered in healthcare settings and provide insights into protective measures to mitigate these risks. Through a comprehensive literature review and analysis, the research paper discusses the radiological properties of these isotopes, exposure pathways, potential health risks, and best practices for ensuring the safety of laboratory and the health workers. The research study undertakes an in-depth exploration to evaluate the risks that healthcare professionals face while performing their duties, encompassing a range of medical applications from diagnostic procedures to advanced research endeavors. By amalgamating insights from an extensive literature review and meticulous analysis, this paper aspires to furnish a holistic understanding of the challenges and imperatives concerning the safeguarding of health workers engaged with these isotopes. The global literature has noted a notable rise in male infertility rates, prompting inquiries into its underlying factors. Some of this increase might be attributed to the impact of synthetic harmful substances, known as endocrine disruptors, on the endocrine system. Many of these substances are commonly used in various work settings. In this study, a comprehensive assessment of the specialized literature pertaining to the influence of occupational exposure to Na-22, Cl-36, and 3-H on the health of laboratory workers has been conducted, specifically with regard to their potential that causes infertility and etc


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Author Biographies

Bertha Onyenachi Akagbue, Marshall University Huntington West Virginia USA.

Department of Environmental, Health and Safety

Mu’awiya Baba Aminu , Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria.

Department of Geology,


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