Assessment of Water Quality from Hand Dug Wells in Kurmin Siddi, Kaduna State


  • Ibrahim Usman Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Williams Nashuka Kaigama Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria
  • Thankgod Daniel Kaduna State University, Kaduna
  • Abu Emmanuel Benjamin University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria


Portable water assessment, hand-dug well, physicochemical and bacteriological assessment.


Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 5(2): 198-204

Authors: Ibrahim Usman, Williams N. Kaigama, Thankgod Daniel and Abu E. Benjamin

Received 17 April 2020/Accepted 20 May 2020

After considering the necessity for portable water and hand dug wells as the common source of water, physicochemical and biological analysis was carried out on water samples collected from four hand-dug wells located within Kurmin Siddi settlement in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Mean values of the measured parameters were Turbidity (2.50±0.01  to  4.90±0.20  NTU) Hardness(61.99±0.02  to 83.70±0.01     mg/L), conductivity    (0.06±0.83  to 1.66±0.32µS/cm6),   pH(6.30±2.27   to  8.21±0.24)and total coliform count (9 to 26). The analysed parameters were compared with WHO (2002) requirements for drinking/portable water. Although all the measured parameters were within WHO standards, the total coliforms count is above the standard which indicate that the water is not suitable for drinking except it is treated.


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Author Biographies

Ibrahim Usman , Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

Williams Nashuka Kaigama , Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry,

Faculty of Physical Sciences

Thankgod Daniel, Kaduna State University, Kaduna

Faculty of Sciences

Abu Emmanuel Benjamin, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

Faculty of Natural Sciences


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