Chemical Information from Proximate and Elemental Composition of Acalypha hispida Leaf


  • A. Abdulazeez Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria.
  • N. C. Nwokem Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • I. I. Ibrahim Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria
  • H. L. Zubairu National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD). Abuja, Nigeria
  • A. Uthman Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria
  • M. Abubakar Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Nigeria.


Acalypha hispida leaf, proximate constituent, elemental constituent, chemical information.


Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 5(2): 240-245

Authors: Abdulazeez, N. C. Nwokem, I. L. Ibrahim, H. L. Zubairu, A. Uthman and M. Abubakar

Received 17 May 2020/Accepted 28 May 2020

 Proximate and elemental compositions of plant leaves can provide useful information on the nutritional benefits of the plant. Proximate and elemental analysis of Acalypha hispida leaves were conducted using official and recommended methods. The result obtained indicated that the plant leaf contain moisture (11.02%), crude fat (6.05%), total ash (10.17%), crude protein (13.17%), crude fibre (10.36%) and carbohydrate (48.65%). Analysis for the presence of some elements indicated the presence of essential elements, which included iron, zinc and copper. The toxic lead was also found to be present in the plant leaves as Fe, Zn, Cu and Pb. Iron had the highest mean concentration of 20.7mg/g while concentrations of Zn, Cu, and Pb were 0.230, 0.778 and 1.729 mg/g respectively. Concentration of these metal ions were within the tolerance and safe limits for the human nutrition.


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Author Biographies

A. Abdulazeez , Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria.

Department of Chemistry

N. C. Nwokem, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Department of Chemistry

I. I. Ibrahim , Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

A. Uthman , Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria

Department of Biochemistry

M. Abubakar , Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State. Nigeria.

Department of Chemistry


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