Effect of Isoberlina Wood Fillers on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of PVC Composites

Main Article Content

Uwaisu Yusuf
Paul A. P. Mamza
Casimir Emmanuel Gimba

Abstract

Communication in Physical Sciences 2020, 6(1): 706-713


Received 27 August 2020/Accepted 24 September 2020


Mechanical and thermal properties of Isoberlina (IS) wood reinforced polyvinyl chloride composites have been studied. The IS fibre was treated with sodium hydroxide solution to boast the adhesion between the hydrophilic natural fibre and the hydrophobic plastic matrix. The percentage fibre loading was varied from 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 to 24. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) technique was used to investigate the effect of Isoberlina wood powder on the thermal properties of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The mechanical properties: ultimate tensile strength (UTS), elastic modulus and hardness showed an extensive improvement compared to the unreinforced PVC. DMA results showed that composite with 12 wt % IS have higher glass transition temperature and better stiffness stability at elevated temperature than the unreinforced PVC. Isoberlina wood powder can thus serve as a valuable reinforcement in the development of polymer composites.

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Author Biographies

Uwaisu Yusuf, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

Paul A. P. Mamza, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

Casimir Emmanuel Gimba, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry

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